音频科普:美国医学协会主席倡议将科学与武器结合
发布时间:2021-07-02
浏览次数:2379

音频科普:美国医学协会主席倡议将科学与武器结合

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 At the AMA annual meeting the organization's president petitioned for an evidence-based, science-driven analysis of gun violence and solutions.

在美国医学协会的年度会议上,该组织的主席请求对枪支暴力问题及其解决方案进行基于证据的、科学驱动的分析。

撰文\播音:史蒂夫·米尔斯基(Steve Mirsky

翻译:邱燕宁

审校:张艺箫

“On average, gun violence claims the lives of nearly 100 people a day in the United States. People are dying of gun violence in our homes, in our churches, in our schools, on our street corners and at public gatherings.”

在美国,平均每天有近100人死于枪支暴力。在家里、在教堂、在学校、在街角、在公共集会上,人们都可能死于枪支暴力。

David O. Barbe, president of the American Medical Association. He spoke June 9th at the AMA annual meeting in Chicago.

美国医学会主席David O. Barbe(大卫·O·巴布)在69日于芝加哥举行的美国医学协会年会上发表了讲话。

“We’ve recommended common-sense gun safety protections. Waiting periods and background checks for those seeking to purchase a gun. And increased funding for mental health services.

我们普及了常识性的枪支安全保护措施。政府需要延长那些想购买枪支的人的等待时间来对他们进行背景调查,以及增加对精神卫生服务的资助。

“We’ve called upon the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to conduct epidemiological research on gun violence—it is perhaps the only leading cause of death where such research is not being conducted

我们呼吁疾病控制和预防中心开展关于枪支暴力的流行病学研究——这可能是主要死因中唯一一个没有得到相关研究的……”

“To those who feel we should not address this as an organization because it is too controversial, I would ask: Did we shy away from fighting discrimination against AIDS patients in the early days of that epidemic, even though much of society stigmatized those with HIV? No, we let science lead us. Did we mute our opposition to smoking because Big Tobacco defended it? No, we let science lead us. And even now, have we backed away from our support on universal vaccinations or the gains made through the Affordable Care Act because they’re controversial? No, we’ve let science lead us.

对于那些认为我们不应该将枪支暴力当做组织来对待因为过于有争议的人,我想问:在艾滋病流行的早期,我们是否因为社会上很多人都对艾滋病患者进行污蔑而停止与对艾滋病患者的歧视作斗争?不,我们让科学引导我们。我们是否因为大烟草公司为吸烟辩护而停止反对吸烟?不,我们让科学引导我们。即使是现在,我们是否已经放弃了对全民疫苗接种的支持,或者放弃了通过《平价医疗法案》(Affordable Care Act)获得的收益,因为它们有争议?不,我们让科学引导我们。

“So similarly, I would submit to you that the AMA must not back down from addressing gun violence.

因此,同样,我要向你们提出的是,美国国会绝不能在解决枪支暴力问题上让步。<掌声>

“On the contrary, we must address it head on, scientifically, in an evidence-based, principled fashion, and with the health and safety of our communities, our fellow Americans, and our children as our chief concern.

相反,我们必须以一种基于证据的、有原则的方式,以科学的方法,以我们的社区、我们的美国同胞和我们的孩子的健康和安全为主,来解决这个问题。

“While we will not all agree on every proposal introduced on gun violence, we can all agree that this issue must be addressed. And that the only way—the only responsible way—forward is for women and men of good faith to continue to search for and advocate for science-based solutions.”

虽然我们不会对关于枪支暴力的每一个提议都达成一致,但我们都认为这个问题必须得到解决。而唯一的方法——唯一负责任的方法——是让有信仰的人们继续寻找和倡导有科学依据的解决方案。


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